Unique Morse Code Words Problem & Solution

International Morse Code defines a standard encoding where each letter is mapped to a series of dots and dashes, as follows:

  • 'a' maps to ".-",
  • 'b' maps to "-...",
  • 'c' maps to "-.-.", and so on.

For convenience, the full table for the 26 letters of the English alphabet is given below:

[".-","-...","-.-.","-..",".","..-.","--.","....","..",".---","-.-",".-..","--","-.","---",".--.","--.-",".-.","...","-","..-","...-",".--","-..-","-.--","--.."]

Given an array of strings words where each word can be written as a concatenation of the Morse code of each letter.

For example, "cab" can be written as "-.-..--...", which is the concatenation of "-.-.", ".-", and "-...". We will call such a concatenation the transformation of a word.

Return the number of different transformations among all words we have.

See the unique morse code words problem on LeetCode.

C++ Solution

#pragma GCC optimize("Ofast")
#pragma GCC optimization("unroll-loops")

static const int _=[](){std::ios::sync_with_stdio(false);cin.tie(nullptr);cout.tie(nullptr);return 0;}();

class Solution {
public:
  int uniqueMorseRepresentations(vector<string>& words) {
    vector<string> morse{".-","-...","-.-.","-..",".","..-.","--.","....","..",".---","-.-",".-..","--","-.","---",".--.","--.-",".-.","...","-","..-","...-",".--","-..-","-.--","--.."};

    unordered_set<string> unique;
    for (int i = 0; i < words.size(); ++i) {
      string s;
      for (int j = 0; j < words[i].size(); ++j) {
        s += morse[words[i][j] - 'a'];
      }

      unique.insert(s);
    }

    return unique.size();
  }
};