Leaf-Similar Trees Problem & Solution

Consider all the leaves of a binary tree, from left to right order, the values of those leaves form a leaf value sequence.

Two binary trees are considered leaf-similar if their leaf value sequence is the same.

Return true if and only if the two given trees with head nodes root1 and root2 are leaf-similar.

See the leaf-similar trees problem on LeetCode.

C++ Solution

#pragma GCC optimize("Ofast")
#pragma GCC optimization("max-inline-insns-recursive-auto")

static const int _=[](){std::ios::sync_with_stdio(false);cin.tie(nullptr);cout.tie(nullptr);return 0;}();

 * struct TreeNode {
 *   int val;
 *   TreeNode *left;
 *   TreeNode *right;
 *   TreeNode() : val(0), left(nullptr), right(nullptr) {}
 *   TreeNode(int x) : val(x), left(nullptr), right(nullptr) {}
 *   TreeNode(int x, TreeNode *left, TreeNode *right) : val(x), left(left), right(right) {}
 * };
class Solution {
  bool leafSimilar(TreeNode* root1, TreeNode* root2) {
    vector<int> leaves1;
    vector<int> leaves2;

    dfs(root1, leaves1);
    dfs(root2, leaves2);

    return leaves1 == leaves2;

  void dfs(TreeNode* node, vector<int>& leaves) {
    if (node == nullptr) {

    dfs(node->left, leaves);
    if (node->left == nullptr && node->right == nullptr) {

    dfs(node->right, leaves);

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